Cabbage Prefer full sun, but tolerate partial shade. Optimum soil temperature for germination is 70 to 80 degrees. Germination on cabbage seed is 4-7 days. Can be transplanted or direct sown in late spring, seedlings can tolerate a light frost. Cabbage contains more vitamin C than Oranges. That is one reason Golden Acre Cabbage Seeds are a must in our Survival Seeds and Survival Seed Bank.